There are numerous reasons for the increased incidence of cancer in the modern age and the lifestyle packed with bad habits is one of them. Preventing cancer with the implementation of quality diet, physical activity and elimination of all risk factors is no doubt the best way to avoid this illness, but it might not be enough. Thus, conducting regular cancer screening tests is highly recommended. Here are guidelines for cancer screening test regarding most common cancer types. Each patient should stick to these and follow the procedure to either prevent the development of cancer or to enable doctors to catch it at an early stage when treatment is more successful than in terminal phases.
Screening for breast cancer
The basic method for checking the condition of your breasts is to thoroughly examine them by touching specific places at least once a month. This is best done while taking a shower or undressing. Palpate breast tissue over the whole surface looking for lumps or any enlargement. Also, spot any chances in color or consistency of the skin. All women ages over 30 should get an ultrasound of breasts once a year and X-ray or mammogram once in two years. This especially goes for women with a positive family history regarding breast cancers.
Colorectal cancer and polyps
Various types of bowl cancers are extremely common in both genders. Thus both women and men should undergo different screening diagnostic procedures timely. The easiest method of screening is to conduct one of the stool-sample tests detecting either blood in stool, DNA or tumor markers. If any of these tests show positive, you should undergo CT colonography or colonoscopy. Regular colonoscopy should be performed once in 5 or 10 years.
Screening for lung cancer
Since all diagnostic test for lung conditions include radiology methods and X-ray exposure, these screening tests are not recommended for people under the average risk. However, if you have a positive family history or a long history of smoking cigarettes, you should consult your medical provider to undergo chest CT imaging annually or once in two years.
Cervical and prostate cancers screening
These two specific types of cancers are common and fully treatable if caught timely. To prevent cervical cancer, all women are advised to take PAPA test once in two years and to undergo complete gynecological examination every once in a while. Similar goes to men regarding prostate cancer. The occasional urological examination is sufficient to catch prostate cancer timely.